In its whitepaper, CTA notes that US fleets are often standardized around one configuration, whereas in Canada there are innovative multi-axle configurations, trailer body styles, and higher allowable weights. When payload is considered, the CTA says that the Canadian fleet is 22 per cent more fuel efficient and produces 22 per cent less GHGs than the US fleet, not to mention the effects of differences in climate.
The Phase I standards introduced in 2013 covered tractors and engines from 2014 to 2018. Phase II will encompass the entire vehicle – tractor, engine and trailer.
“Simply taking the US rule and imposing it on the Canadian fleet would be at odds with the goal of reducing GHG emissions from the sector and would undercut Canada’s superior productivity and environmental advantages developed over the past 40 years,” CTA president David Bradley said in a statement. “It would force equipment on Canadian carriers that is potentially either unsuitable or untested for Canadian conditions and which could expose Canadian drivers to unsafe situations,” added Bradley.
CTA is encouraging the introduction of a SMART Approach to the GHG regulation: